Friidom (palitikal)

Palitikal friidom (aalso nuo az palitikal aatanami ar palitikal iejensi) a senchral kansep ina ischri ah palitikal taat ah wan a di muos impuotant fiicha a dimakratik sasayati.[1] Iweh diskraib az friidom frah opreshan[2] ar koerjan,[3] di absens a disieblin kandishan fi a indivijual ah di fulfilment a inieblin kandishan,[4] ar di absens a laif kandishan a kompolshan, e.g. ikanamik kompolshan, ina sasayati.[5] Alduo palitikal friidom noftaim intoerprit negitivli az di friidom frah anriiznebl extoernal kanschrient pah akshan,[6] ikiah aalso refa tu di pazitiv exasaiz a raits, kiapasiti ah pasibiliti fi akshan, ah di exasaiz a suoshal ar gruup raits.[7] Di kansep kiah aalso ingkluud friidom frah "intoernal" kanschrient pah palitikal akshan ar spiich (e.g. suoshal kanfaamiti, kansistansi, ar "inaatentik" biyevia).[8] Di kansep a palitikal friidom kluosli kanek wid di kansep a sivl libati ah yuuman raits, we ina dimakratik sasayati yuujali afuod liigal protekshan frah di stiet.

  1. Hannah Arendt, "What is Freedom?", Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought, (New York: Penguin, 1993).
  2. Iris Marion Young, "Five Faces of Oppression", Justice and the Politics of Difference (Princeton University press, 1990), 39-65.
  3. Michael Sandel, Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2010).
  4. Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom (Anchor Books, 2000).
  5. Karl Marx, "Alienated Labour" in Early Writings.
  6. Isaiah Berlin, Liberty (Oxford 2004).
  7. Charles Taylor, "What's Wrong With Negative Liberty?", Philosophy and the Human Sciences: Philosophical Papers (Cambridge, 1985), 211-29.
  8. Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Self-Reliance"; Nikolas Kompridis, "Struggling Over the Meaning of Recognition: A Matter of Identity, Justice or Freedom?" in European Journal of Political Theory July 2007 vol. 6 no. 3 277-289.